bd40bc7c7a How a system evolves is entirely encoded in the starting set of initial conditions and their transformation according to the laws of physics. ^ a b Gleick, James (June 6, 2013). Macmillan Publishers Limited. Smolin asserts that overturning the existing orthodoxy is the best hope for finding solutions to contemporary physics problems, such as bringing gravity into line with the rest of the currently accepted models, the nature of the quantum world and its unification with spacetime and cosmology. Outside science, Smolin asserts his views have important implications for human agency, and on how our social, political, economic and environmental decisions affect our future, Smolin saying that contrary to deterministic philosophies derived from conventional physics, humans do have the power to exert control over climate change, our economic system and our technology.. Newton's view of the universe is manifestly background dependent [.] But even in Newton's day, there were philosophers like Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz who took a different stance.
^ a b Searle, Rick (July 15, 2013). Archived from the original on July 28, 2013. The New York Times. ^ a b c d e "Time Reborn: a new theory of time - a new view of the world". Archived from the original on July 28, 2013. Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies. Will no doubt be remembered as one of the essential books of the 21st century. .. A timeless view of reality is, he says repeatedly, incomplete (where do the initial conditions or laws come from?) and, simply, wrong. ^ Smolin, Lee.